What are the different types of electric car plugs?

What are the different types of electric car plugs?

Electric car charging cables

Mode 2 charging cable

This is the most basic slow or trickle charging cable. It’s the one you’ll get with the car that features a 3-pin plug at one end and a Type 1 or Type 2 connector at the other, with an electrical transformer in between.

Mode 3 charging cable

The second cable you should get with the car is the Type 3, which allows you to connect to an untethered (where the cable isn’t permanently attached to the charging unit) public charging point or home wallbox. Most feature a Type 2 connector at the charger end, then depending on the car either Type 1 or Type 2 plug at the other.

What about wireless charging?

Look just a little further into the future and it’s possible to see a time where cables can be consigned to the bin. Wireless charging is still in its infancy, but numerous companies and organisations have successfully trialed the technology that should take the sting out of topping up cells, especially for drivers with no off-street parking.

Almost all set-ups use an inductive system similar to that used to wirelessly charge a smartphone, just on a larger scale. Essentially a large charging pad is embedded in the ground and is activated when an EV is parked on top of it. It manages this by transferring the electricity across the air using from one magnetic coil (the one buried in the road) to another (fitted to the car).

In the UK electric charging companies such as Char.gy began a year-long trial of the technology in late 2021 in Marlow, Buckinghamshire using a fleet of 10 Renault Zoes. BMW has been experimenting even longer, running a number of wireless charger-equipped 530e models in Germany and the US since 2019. Going back further still, buses on the Number 7 route in Milton Keynes have been using the system for their short 15 miles route since 2014.

More importantly, Genesis has announced that it’s first all-electric model, the GV60, will have a wireless charging option when the car is launched later this year, even though there are currently no publically available chargers just yet. Although details are still largely under wraps, the Korean brand has revealed that the system is capable of recharging the car’s 77.4kWh battery in around six hours, compared to 10 hours using a conventional wallbox.

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